With the abundant natural resources in Zimbabwe, there is a great potential for economic development and eventually poverty reduction if resources are used in a sustainable manner. Recommendations Recommendations on the above environmental challenges are as follows: Incremental temperatures of around 2. Climate Change Climate change is likely to result in hotter days and fewer colder days than before. Water pollution is mainly caused by inadequate or non-existent treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and is increasing due to population growth. Reduced water availability is caused by over-extraction due to population growth, urbanisation and industrialisation, resulting in increased competition between water using stakeholders. Political Dimension Of Organised Hunting Organised hunting and poaching has become a means for the politically connected to earn scarce foreign currency.
Climate Change Climate change is likely to result in hotter days and fewer colder days than before. The timing and amount of rainfall is becoming increasingly uncertain, and the frequency and length of dry spells during the rainy season have increased. The problem of environmental degradation is far more complex than originally perceived. The environment is an inseparable sector from the economy and food security, which is why it is important for the people of Zimbabwe to promptly address environmental challenges. Key sources of water pollution include mining activities, industrial and manufacturing works, poorly maintained sewage treatment works in urban areas, partially treated sewage effluent, leachate from landfills, soil erosion and siltation, and fertiliser and pesticide use, intensive urbanisation, increased industrial activities and high exploitation of cultivable land. And similar but smaller incidents have been reported across the country at Gonarezhou, Mana Pools, Zambezi, Charara, and Matusadona national parks. Weak regulatory guidelines for safe disposal of the burgeoning electrical and electronic waste e-waste have the potential to accentuate environmental degradation. Fiscal incentives must be initiated to encourage entire life cycle e-waste handling, encompassing the transportation, sorting, fraction recovery and disposal stages of electronic waste. Despite high rainfall amounts received by the country during the rain seasons, many Zimbabwean cities continue to experience acute water shortages. Water pollution Surface water and ground water pollution is emerging as a major concern, worsened by water waste. The underlying causes to the environmental challenges in Zimbabwe include poorly crafted legislation and little to no enforcement of existing legislation that is underpinned by corruption. Build international frameworks and institutional cooperation; being a difficult task as it may, policymakers and environmental advocates need to build international accords for natural resources. Water pollution is mainly caused by inadequate or non-existent treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and is increasing due to population growth. This directly causes deforestation in Zimbabwe as people require firewood for cooking energy and it inturn leads to vegetation destruction. Holistic management of ecosystems; environmental management requires a practical, common sense approach that takes into consideration the economic, cultural and ecological goals. The migration from analogue to digital technologies poses a threat to the environment if disposal of old generation sets is improperly handled. The politically connected are also reported to be operating hunting and commercial bush meat operations on protected lands. The distribution of people and productive agricultural resources is uneven, leading to problems of land degradation, where large numbers of people and livestock are concentrated on marginal lands. ICT Revolution The recent surge in the use of electronic services and gadgets poses a great threat to biodiversity. Recommendations Recommendations on the above environmental challenges are as follows: These problems are not unique to Harare City Council but are a daily occurrence in almost every city in Zimbabwe. Incremental temperatures of around 2. Groundwater drawn from underground streams and aquifers make provision for both rural and urban areas, although water availability remains an increasing problem. Political Dimension Of Organised Hunting Organised hunting and poaching has become a means for the politically connected to earn scarce foreign currency. Poverty and Environment Citizens who occupy the bottom of the socioeconomic hierarchy heavily rely on the natural environment. The warming trend is already established, with increased annual mean surface temperatures.
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